blank.gifUnion Jack Flagblank.gifSt. George Cross flag blank.gifThe emblem for the county of Essex History Forum | Site Map   
Basildon History Online Share/Bookmark
blank.gif
      Add to Favourites
   
blank.gif
Nevendon
blank.gif
Nevendon Road
Nevendon Hall, Nevendon Road

Nevendon: A brief history

Geographically, Nevendon is situated some 29 miles south east of London, set back 4 miles from the passing River Thames in the county of Essex.

The earliest known reference to Nevendon can be traced back to the reign of Edward the Confessor, 1042-1066, when it was known as Newenden. The Domesday Book of 1086 refers to it as Nezendena. The name is believed to be of Saxon origin dating from the Anglo-Saxon occupation of south east Essex. Since then there have been a number of spelling variations like Nevendene and Nevenden, as seen on Chapman and Andre's map of 1777.

Its small population dating from before the creation of Basildon new town in 1949 was mainly centred around Nevendon Road, Burnt Mills Road, Borwick Lane and Timberlog Lane.

The name Nevendon appears to have evolved from the word dun, the Anglo-Saxon term for hill.

The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales by Rev. John Marius Wilson

The Reverend John Wilson edited these impressive topographical volumes between 1870 and 1872. They included a brief description of Nevendon.

NEVENDON, or Newendon, a parish in Billericay district, Essex; 2½ miles N by W of Pitsea r. station, and 4½ S E of Billericay.

Post-town, Battle-Bridge, under Chelmsford.

Acres, 991. Real property, 1, 380. Pop., 205. Houses, 39.

The property is divided among a few. The manor appears on record so early as the time of Edward the Confessor.

The living is a rectory in the diocese of Rochester. Value, 230. Patrons, the Representatives of the late S. Kevall, Esq.

The church comprises nave and chancel, and was recently in disrepair.

White's gazetteer and directory

In the 1800s the publisher William White of Sheffield produced a small history of Nevendon in his yearly gazeteer and directory.

Reproduced here is the entry information for Nevendon from the 1848 edition.

NEVENDON, or Newendon, is a small parish and straggling village, in a pleasant valley, 4½ miles South East by East of Billericay, containing 216 souls; and 974 acres of land.

Before the Conquest, it was held by three proprietors, and it afterwards passed to the Mareschall, Fitz-Lewis, Berdeford, Blackmore, Bavin, and Eachus families.

It is in two manors, called Nevendon, or Bromfords Hall and Frerne, or Fryerne, and belongs to various owners.

The Church (St. Peter,) is a small ancient structure; and the rectory, valued in K.B. at 11.13s.4d., and in 1831 at 225, is in the patronage of the Rev. V. Edwards, and incumbency of the Rev. L.T. Edwards, M.A., who has a good residence.

The inhabitants of note are listed as:

Rev. Lawrence Tucker Edwards M.A., Rectory
Joseph Marsh, beerhouse and shopkeeper
William Such, victualler, Cricketers

Farmers:

Charles Abrey, Hall
Daniel Archer
Abraham Bell
Henry Harrison
Mrs. Mary Hills
Mrs. Sarah Murray
William Sparrow

Source: William White's History, Gazeteer, and Directory of Essex 1848

White's Directories
The publisher William White of Sheffield issued a yearly series of gazetteers and directories covering the United Kingdom. These began in 1826 in partnership with William Parson, but from 1831 were solely the work of White. William White continued to produce these until 1898 when his company was absorbed into Kelly's (Frederic Festus Kelly) trade directory, which continued into the twentieth century.

Kelly's Directory of Essex, 1894

NEVENDON (or Newendon) is an ancient parish, 3 miles north from Pitsea station on the London, Tilbury and Southend railway and 1½ miles south-west from Wickford station on the Great Eastern railway, 29 from London, 6 south-east from Billericay, and 10 south-east from Brentwood, in the Mid division of the county, Barstable hundred, Billericay union, Brentwood county court district and petty sessional division, and in the rural deanery of Danbury, archdeaconry of Essex and diocese of St. Albans.

The church of St. Peter, thoroughly restored in 1875, is an edifice of stone, in the Early English style, and now consists of chancel, nave, vestry and a small wooden bell turret on the western gable, containing 1 bell: the windows of the chancel are stained and it retains an aumbry: in the north wall of the nave is a cinque-foiled piscina niche and there are traces of a stoup near the south doorway: there are 60 sittings. The register dates from the year 1669.

The living is a rectory, average tithe rent-charge about 200, net yearly value I41, with 7 acres of glebe and residence, in the gift of trustees, and held since 1892 by the Rev. Willie McGowan M.A. of Durham University.

The land is held by several proprietors.

The soil is heavy loam; subsoil, clay and gravel. The chief crops are wheat and beans.

The area is 991 acres; rateable value, 837; the population in 1891 was 149.

Parish Clerk, Charles Smith.

Post Office.- Arthur Moss, sub-postmaster. Letters through Battles Bridge S.O. by messenger, arrive at 7.50 a.m.; returning at 5.10 p.m. The nearest money order & telegraph office is at Wickford. Box cleared at 5. 10 p.m. Postal orders are issued here, but not paid.

National School (mixed), built in 1886, for 35 children; average attendance, 25; Miss Charlotte Taylor, mistress.

McGowan Rev. Willie M.A. Rectory
Moss Arthur, grocer, Post office
Mumford Henry, Jolly Cricketers P.H.
Raven George, beer retailer
Pigott William, farmer, Nevendon Hall & Frampton farms

This article is used in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.0 UK: England & Wales.
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/uk/

Text written 2003.
Copyright © 2003, 2014, B.Cox, Basildon History Online. All rights reserved.
blank.gif
Page added: 2001
blank.gif
Contact: E-Mail
blank.gif
Back a Page Top of Page Homepage Next Page
© Basildon History Online Website - WWW.BASILDON.COM